Democracy, not a "daemon-cracy"

Being a Kashmiri is a very important part of my identity, besides being an Indian, a Hindu (of the atheist kind), and a self-styled rationalist. Still, none of the posts so far on my blog has been addressed to the Kashmiri aspect of my identity. I would very much like to keep this blog not Kashmir-centric, because opinions about Kashmir are as varied as the people concerned with it. The definition of the problem, and its solution, depends on who you ask – even among Kashmiris. So it is really hard to be objective in one’s opinion.
Then, couple of weeks ago, when my last post was featured on Blogbharti, I followed links to this blog-post on Kashmir, and then I discovered a whole world of Kashmir blogs out there, that have all mushroomed since I checked last, not very long ago. My two-post-long Kashmiri language blog still remains the only Kashmiri blog till date, though I discovered a Kashmiri language online newspaper, which was a pleasant surprise (can’t locate the link at this time). I plan to change the script on my Kashmiri blog to Roman so that it will have a wider reach, and give me incentive to add more posts to it. I can use the Urdu script, but somehow I find Unicode Urdu very hard to read.
Well, a lot of venom is being spat out there, a lot of wailing and rona-dhona. Lots of myths and untruths are being propagated – some of them rubbing salt into my own wounds. So I thought I should do my share of rona-dhona too, and try to break some myths – in my opinion. Hence this post, and perhaps a few more to follow. To give an idea of my locus standi on the issue, I was born and raised in a north Kashmir village, completed my education in my village and in Srinagar, left to work in Delhi in mid-80’s, and kept returning to my family in Kashmir until early 1990, when all of us had to give Kashmir up for ever. After that I have visited a few times, but have missed and followed my homeland everyday.
For now, back to this post about India being a “daemon-cracy”, instead of a democracy. The blogger called “~K~” writes:

India might claim to be the largest democracy of the world, an economic super power on its way to become the next super power of the world but for Kashmir and Kashmiris it is a state that rewards killing of innocent Kashmiris with money, more power and commendations. The fact that India does indeed reward its forces for killing innocents was reflected in an earlier post and now we have official endorsement that indeed innocent Kashmiris are being killed for rewards.

Then the blogger conveniently gives no reference or proof of “official endorsement” of the allegation. If there were official endorsement, then the culprits of encounter killings would not have been arrested. The Human Rights Watch report that ~K~ quotes in his latest post also quotes the official statement:

According to Jammu and Kashmir State Chief Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad, police official Farooq Ahmad and a constable have been arrested for the murder of Abdul Rahman and the killings are still being investigated. “Any security person found guilty of killing any innocent for personal reasons like promotion, rewards or appeasement to bosses would not be spared,” Azad said, adding that “nobody is above the law.”

The blog is full of such wild allegations and wailing. No, ~K~, India does not award its forces for killing innocent people. There may be cases of inefficiency, criminal attitude or nepotism but no there is no official endorsement or encouragement for such crimes. It is really unfortunate and wrong, but it is no different from what can happen anywhere else in the subcontinent – from Karachi to Mumbai to Dhaka.
India may be inefficient, poor, corrupt, call it all the names you want, but it is not a “daemon-cracy”. India may not be the next superpower, it may not even be a regional superpower, but it is definitely the largest and one of the best and most vibrant democracies of the world, warts and all. Yes, better in some ways than even the richest democracy of the world. And that includes its attitude towards Kashmir. In fact, it is a bit too democratic towards Kashmir, thanks to the blackmail Kashmiri separatists have subjected India to, over the years. It is definitely better than the other alternatives Kashmiris have, and they know it.
A lot of what I have to say has been covered in much detail by A soul in exile, including describing the events that led to my community’s migration from Kashmir in 1989-90, debunking the myth propagated by separatists that the then governor Jagmohan orchestrated the exodus.
I don’t deny the human rights violations that happen in my country – they happen everywhere in and outside Kashmir, in and outside India, and must be deplored and fought together. But calling it India’s plan against Kashmiris or Muslims is absolutely wrong. So many problems and sicknesses afflict my country, and some of them are due to the Muslim fundamentalism which is at the root of Kashmir problem too.
Here are a few points by way of a comparison that shows why India is better than most democracies in the world, and why ~K~ should stop calling it a daemon-cracy, and stop complaining.
1. In US, questions are still asked as to if a black, a woman, a muslim, a mormon, an athiest, a non-catholic, a non-church-going person can become the president. And all polls suggest that the answer to each of the questions is a NO. So far, in a few centuries of independent America, it has not happened. Chances of a black or a woman becoming a president in 2008 have increased, and we will know soon if American public is ready in the twenty-first century. On the other hand, when independent India was in its infancy in the middle of the last century, the first prime minister was an avowed athiest. The second longest serving prime minister was a woman, one who had married a muslim-turned-parsi. After her second term, she was followed by a person who was hindu-muslim-parsi and had married a christian. In between, there were farmers, so-called “backward class”, prime ministers, and now we have a Sikh at the helm. Is anybody complaining, based on their race or religion? No.
2. More Muslims live in India than in any country of the world, save Indonesia. Voices of protest are heard about their treatment and voilence against them, and an equal number of voices are heard about their appeasement, and the violence they initiate. But what is important is that they are represented completely in all facets of Indian life. Present president of the country is a Muslim. Before this we have had two Muslim presidents. At state level, many states have had governers and chief ministers who were Muslim – states other than J&K which are not Muslim majority. Can you think of a Hindu getting elected as the chief minister of J&K? Look at the film industry, beaurocracy, sports arena, they are widely and rightly represented everywhere. Even the fact that I am talking about it seems unnatural, so natural does this sound.
3. Multi-party democracy has its perils, but it is definitely more democratic. That is how parties like the PDP come to power. In America people have to choose between the Republicans and the Democrats, even if they don’t agree with either of them.
Well, given the multiplicity of races, religions, languages in the country, and so many countering forces, I think India maintaining its integrity and democratic structure is no mean achievement.
The separatist blogs keep talking about independence from India, and they will say they have nothing to do with India, democracy or otherwise. I will talk more about the so called “azaadi” demanded by the separatists in future posts.

7 replies on “Democracy, not a "daemon-cracy"”

I find it highly amusing that you wish to do your share of “rona dhona”.
Go ahead and enjoy the stay. However, do your share of reading… The fake encounters, the murders that have become a part of kashmiri life (that you conveniently ran away from) are something that you would never understand…
You don’t understand. and just coz u dont see it, you ‘think’ it cant be true.
a lot of things that you dont see actually happen.

Thanks another kashmiri blogger for visiting.
Whatever percentage of custody killings and fake encounters are there in Kashmir, it is deplorable, and I never justified them. But this is nothing restricted to Kashmir. It is the general inefficiency of the system in the subcontinent and can happen anywhere. This could have happened if you had azaadi too. Are Kashmiri policemen all honest and efficient?
I not only read about Kashmir (including your blog), but have been visiting too, and I have seen the daily life there. Kashmiris can and do live and work not only in Kashmir but anywhere in India. Well there is some risk in living in the place where there is a tehreek going on, but I don’t think the chances of your getting killed are more than they are on a Lahore or Delhi street. How about the risk felt in Kashmir by those who are “for India” – the army man on the beat in Lal Chowk not knowing when a grenade will come his way, the minoriy member in a village who has thrown his lot with you, not knowing when his village will become the next Wandhama. Why don’t you talk about the murders committed by the people who started this war? Why don’t you point the blame at the other side? Yes, I wouldn’t want to return to that life. I want no share of your azaadi or nizaame-mustafaa or pakistan zindabad. I am a Kashmiri and a proud Indian.

so what you are implying is this…
you could die anywhere. people die anywhere.
one can die while driving, eating, sleeping or whatever.
so there is no point making noise if people are being systematically killed. They could have died anyways.
some logic there!

“..systematically killed” is only a wild allegation, and just noise. So you can keep making it. Nobody is “systematically” killing Kashmiris. Violence is a RESULT of the separatist movement, not a REASON for it.

“As the conflict in Kashmir enters its fourth year, central and state authorities have done little to stop the widespread practice of rape by Indian security forces in Kashmir. Indeed, when confronted with the evidence of rape, time and again the authorities have attempted to impugn the integrity of the witnesses, discredit the testimony of physicians or simply deny the charges everything except order a full inquiry and prosecute those responsible for rape”.
(Asia Watch and Physicians for Human Rights, May 09, 1993)
(On February 23, 1991), at least 23 women were reportedly raped in their homes at gunpoint (at Kunan Poshpora in Kashmir). Some are said to have been gang-raped, others to have been raped in front of their children … The youngest victim was a girl of 13 named Misra, the oldest victim, named Jana, was aged 80.”
(Amnesty International, March 1992)
“Subjugated, humiliated, tortured and killed by the 650,000-strong Indian army, the people of Kashmir have been living through sheer hell for more than a year, the result of an increasingly brutal campaign of state repression.. India hides behind its carefully-crafted image of “non-violence” and presents itself in international forums as a model of democracy and Pluralism. Yet , it is unable to stand up the scrutiny of even its admirers. All journalists, especially television crews, were expelled from the Valley. with no intrusive cameras to record the brutalities of the Indian forces, the world has been kept largely in the dark.”
(The Toronto Star, January 25, 1991)
“Young girls were now being raped systematically by entire (Indian) army units rather than by a single soldier as before. Girls are taken to soldier’s camps and held naked in their tents for days on end. Many never return home….Women are strung up naked from trees and their breast lacerated with knives, as the (Indian) soldiers tell them that their breast will never give milk again to a newborn militant. Women are raped in front of their husbands and children, or paraded naked through villages and beaten on the breasts.”
(The Independent, September 18, 1990)

Hi, I found your link from your response to that letter on
I have found many blogsites that have been trying to portray Indian media as biased “blind” and biased about the Kashmir issue. That isn’t unexpected.
What is unexpected and alarming, was those Mumbai university students believing the propaganda and write, with no obvious knowledge of the conflict, nor an insight into the consequences so called “azadi” will have on the ethnic minorities in Kashmir.
I am fed up of the blogs that blames only the Indian forces for the human rights resources, and keep silent about the atrocities committed by islamic militants since october 1948.
I wrote on this issue, from my own perspective, and was surprised to get hostile response from a couple of those Indian students.
If we, the ordinary indians, are guilty of anything, it is not ignorance nor illusion, but being complacent to such propaganda; and living in the west, I feel these propagandas are winning.
I am not a Kashmiri, my knowledge of the Kashmir situation has been based on my readings from multiple resources.
I would be interested to read your blogs on this issue, and what is more important, the world need to hear the voice of the non-muslim inhabitants, who are also, and the original, Kashmiris.
Best wishes.

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